What is the job of an Industrial Engineer?

Industrial engineer


Industrial engineers combine the knowledge and skills of mathematics, physics, and other methods to optimize the design of a production integrated system. They are assistants, advisers, and also think tanks of leaders at all levels. Through their work, they assist managers in uncovering problems, making correct production and business decisions, and providing a scientific basis for management.

In addition, the core of industrial engineers is to plan technology with the vision of management and improve management with technical methods.


  • Responsible for the trial production of new product prototypes, manufacturability verification, and also new product introduction
  • Responsible for the product production process, formulation, and implementation of process standards.
  • Preparation and also subsequent maintenance of process operation instructions
  • The leading solution for new products, processes, material problems arising from trial production to mass production.
  • Formulate improvement plans and measures, and be responsible for the verification of improvement
  • Track the continuous improvement of products and process flow to ensure that the manufacturing process problems that occur in the manufacturing process are solved in time.
An industrial engineer at work

In addition, the things that industrial engineers do in the factory include:

  • Design and improvement of working methods
  • The setting of operating standard time and also the standard amount of materials
  • Design of manufacturing processes, fixtures, and tools
  • Calculation and analysis of costs
  • Production planning and control
  • Capacity planning and analysis
  • Material management
  • Quality analysis and control
  • Factory layout
  • Industrial safety operation
  • Establishment of job evaluation and also reward system
  • Improvement of business process, system or system design, etc.


To become an industrial engineer, you need a bachelor’s degree in industrial engineering. Students who are interested in industrial engineering should take classes in mathematics, sciences, and computer science. The course work for the degree program includes manufacturing systems design, statistics, and production systems planning.

Industrial engineering and mechanical engineering are two of the most in-demand fields in the world right now, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Unfortunately, there is a shortage of qualified candidates to fill these roles. That is where 5-year degree programs come in.

These programs allow students to get their bachelor’s degree in their first four years and then complete a master’s program in their last year. This shorter time frame also makes it easier for employers to find engineers who have graduated from an accredited program, which gives graduates a leg up on the competition when applying.

Career Path

As industries developed, the job of industrial engineering became more specific. For example, some people have become specialists in the computer industry. They may design processes and procedures to help companies use computers to run their businesses better.

Industrial engineers who work with application systems design (ASD) are also often specialists in data collection and analysis. These specialists use sophisticated computer systems that can store information about production processes. They may also develop software to control machines on factory floors. Monitor conditions in work environments or scheduled maintenance activities more effectively.


According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, industrial engineers earn $88,950 per annum. The pay for industrial engineers with a bachelor’s degree is on the rise, and those with a master’s degree or higher have the potential to earn even more. Industrial Engineers are some of the highest-paid engineering professionals.


Industrial engineers also work for private manufacturing and service companies. As well as for state and local governments, some work for federal agencies. They also work for international organizations, such as the United Nations and the World Bank.

Most of these workers are employed in manufacturing industries, especially in factories that produce durable goods such as automobiles, appliances, and computer equipment. A substantial number are also employed in the goods-producing sector of the construction industry. Large numbers of industrial engineers also work for consulting firms or manufacturing and service firms that contract with other businesses to provide planning and engineering services.

Knowledge structure

Specialized industry or industry knowledge
Basic knowledge and modern knowledge in mechanical manufacturing

Industrial engineering knowledge

  • Operations research
  • Systems engineering
  • System analysis
  • Work research
  • Ergonomics/human factors engineering
  • Site management optimization
  • Facility planning design
  • Logistics technology
  • Product development
  • Quality engineering
  • Corporate design

Quality skill

In addition, to the knowledge structure of engineers, the following are relevant skills;

  • Ability to observe, test, investigate and also conduct research
  • Possess comprehensive analysis, integration, planning, and design capabilities.
  • Have strong coordination and social skills
  • Be able to adapt to various complex conditions and also be good at innovation. Have adequate language and writing skills
  • Possess intermediate computer application ability and foreign language reading ability
  • Be able to promptly advocate and promote new technologies, processes, materials, and methods that do not have a specific department or position responsible for the time being.

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