What is the job of a System Administrator?

System Administrator


Systems Administrators are part and parcel of every growing and established company. This is because computer systems are a necessity in firms. These personnel are responsible for everything from monitoring purchases to the proper functioning. They install applications, Wide Area Networks (WAN), Local Area Network (LAN), and other systems within the firm. They also must ensure that these are all properly functioning, among others.

Also, they ensure that all apps and software are upgraded or updated when due, to ensure the smooth running of the organization. Their duties cover everything related to network, emailing, computer hardware, and software. Hence, they are part of a company’s decision-making staff. They must be consulted before taking major steps that involve their office.

A System Administrator is usually a Computer scientist. He or she should also be an expert in programming, networking, Microsoft office, and other related areas. Usually, a Master’s degree with an appropriate license is required for practice. Also, certain skills like good observation are necessary.

To succeed in this career, one must be very passionate about what it entails. It’s not a career to engage in because there’s nothing else to do. It requires maximum commitment. A little mistake or exclusion can render a whole period of hard work useless.

Furthermore, these professionals must be up to date with current trends and technologies. This is because they are in charge of introducing these to the company and also upgrading existing ones. So, they must be lovers of research.

To find out all you need to know, stay glued to this guide till the end.

Responsibilities of a System Administrator

As stated earlier, System Administrators are vital staff of corporate firms. Their duties testify to this. Below are some of their typical day-to-day responsibilities.

  • Determining the entire needs of the organization in terms of computers, networks, software, and other installations.
  • Supervising purchase of these items.
  • Supervising installations.
  • Ensuring all computer software is upgraded periodically.
  • Ensuring all network systems are properly functioning.
  • Teaching and training younger staff and students.
  • Developing applications by computer programming.
  • Periodically checking all systems and connections to ensure that there are no hidden faults.
  • Protecting computer security and keeping passwords.
  • Training other staff of the company on how to use necessary computer software for day to day activities.

Qualifications for Practice as a System Administrator

The position of a System Administrator deserves qualified personnel. This is because it is a position that requires a lot of related expertise. Some of the requirements include:

Degrees in any of the following courses can be useful.

  • Computer Engineering
  • Computer Science
  • Systems Design
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Computer Programming
  • Information Science 
Systems Administrator

A Bachelor’s degree or a Master’s degree can suffice.

Similarly, a degree in any field with certifications and appropriate licensing in a computer-related field can fit in.

Other skills highly required include:

  • Efficient communication skills
  • Good observation skills
  • Negotiation skills
  • Expertise in computer programming
  • Expertise in Microsoft office
  • High level of self-confidence
  • Research and also teaching skills
  • Presentation skills
  • Public speaking skills
  • System analytical skills 
  • Critical thinking skills.


A career as a System Administrator attracts good pay, especially in the United States. As usual, salary depends on the kind of organization and the sector it falls under. It can also depend on the qualification of the staff. On Average, these personnel earn around $145,600 per annum.

Work Environment

Systems Administrators work in office settings in corporate firms. They usually have access to computer systems. For a major part of their work, they won’t be in the office but will be shuffling in between offices, fixing system problems. 

Additionally, they are required to dress responsibly and use protective clothing during work. They work full time, up to 40 hours a week on a shift/call basis.  

It is one of the career where employees learn more and grow on the job.


System Administrators are important personnel in any corporate firm. They also provide the necessities for the smooth running of computer and networking systems. They are also highly sensitive and observant people.

In conclusion, a course in Computer science or a related field can qualify one for such a position. Anyone with a passion for the computer world and also the required skills can consider a career in this field.

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