What is the job of a Secretary?



The secretary plays an essential role in operating a service, a company, an administration, or a law firm.
The secretary is the first point of contact for a company, a firm, or an administration. It handles the physical or telephone reception of visitors, customers, and external service providers.
Her mission is also administrative since she is often responsible for writing letters, entering documents, and filing.

It is a profession that requires considerable organizational skills and precision to coordinate the many front-office and back-office activities, evaluating and managing the priorities and requirements expressed by superiors and colleagues.


  • Independent organization of ordinary secretarial activities
  • Management and transfer of telephone calls and paper and electronic correspondence
  • Administrative activities and accounting management
  • Autonomous writing of letters, documents, reports, presentations
  • Archiving of files, documents, contracts
  • Welcoming guests and customers
  • Organization of the calendar of appointments, visits, meetings, and encounters
  • Business travel planning and travel expense accounting management
  • Help in organizing office work

The secretary is a “multitasking” employee. Above all, she must be able to intervene on several fronts at the same time while prioritizing.

Despite her overloaded schedule, she must always be available to respond to emergencies imposed by her superiors.
A secretary is in constant contact with the employees and managers of his company and outsiders.


A high school diploma or other diplomas, preferably commercial, are generally required to become a secretary.
For inexperienced people, there are professional training courses for “secretary officer”, as well as specific training opportunities that can enrich the CV, such as:

  • Administrative and accounting secretarial course
  • Corporate secretarial course
  • Medical office secretarial course
  • Law Firm Secretarial Course

These courses deal with subjects such as business economics, administration, accounting, documentation management. They also teach basic computer skills, typically for the use of word processing programs and spreadsheets, e-mail, and the most common business software.


In the United States, the average annual salary of secretaries is $40,990. Depending on the level of experience, this may, however, range from $26,880 and $67,510. (BLS, 2020)


  • Know how to prioritize and also classify documents,
  • Know how to communicate quickly and effectively,
  • Organized and methodical, the secretary knows how to manage priorities and also responds courteously to the requests of her various interlocutors.
  • Her qualities, discretion, sense of anticipation, ability to manage relationships and stress in an emergency make her a particularly sought-after collaborator.
  • Know and master computers (Word, Excel, Powerpoint), Internet
  • Know how to take notes
  • She must have excellent human qualities to always remain courteous and also smiling. Good communicator, she must know how to express herself perfectly.

Work Environment

The profession of a secretary is practiced in multiple structures: SMEs, craftsmen, law firms, notary offices, large international groups, administration, etc.

A secretary’s work is usually done in an office or the front office, under working hours which may be full-time or part-time, depending on her contract. She must also have good teamwork and stress management skills, especially in offices where she has many colleagues when working for a busy executive or a firm with a heavy workload.

Career Development

The profession of secretary is generally accessible to young graduates. However, to get a foothold in the profession, they will often have to go through temp agencies and chain missions.
A secretary can specialize in a field (medical, legal, technical, etc.). With a few years of experience and also the level of diploma required, she can become an executive assistant and evolve in increasingly large companies.


The specific functions of the secretary vary depending on the context in which she works.
There are indeed different specialized professional profiles, the main ones being the following:

The administrative secretary who mainly deals with:

  • Administration and accounting
  • The preparation of material for the drafting of the balance sheet
  • The archiving of administrative documents and files
  • Cataloging of invoices and also economic transactions of the company

The commercial secretary who assists the commercial office and deals with:

  • Entry and transmission of orders
  • Manages commercial correspondence with customers
  • Organizes the calendar of the sales force

The executive secretary, who reports directly to the general manager and is also dedicated to:

  • Planning meetings for an executive ( organizing the calendar of meetings, meetings, lunches, business trips)
  • Managing relationships, correspondence, and assistance to the manager in his various activities

The secretary of professional offices such as the secretary of medical and dental offices, the legal secretary, accounting firms, etc., who are responsible for:

  • Planning appointments and also visits
  • Welcoming clients/patients in the office
  • Answering the client’s questions
  • Managing the administrative and accounting aspects of the activity (for example the management of medical or legal documentation)

Job Opportunities

  • Consultancies and professional firms
  • Public bodies and also public administration offices
  • Schools and educational institutes,
  • Agencies such as travel agencies, real estate agencies
  • Hotels
  • Gyms
  • Beauty salons.

Leave a Comment