What is the job of a Judge?



A Judge is a professional who exercises state judicial powers in judicial organs (generally referred to as courts). They are the executors of judicial powers. Judge is a neutral and decisive profession, sacred and endowed with heavy responsibility.


The responsibilities of a judge include the following;

  • Judges enforce the law and justice in the courts.
  • They also arrange pre-trial reviews, resolve administrative disputes, facilitate negotiations between opposing parties, and make legal judgments.
  • Judges must also study the appeal petition and the motion file to determine the facts and arguments.
  • They give clear guidance to the jury on the legal arguments.
  • They listen to the evidence presented by all witnesses and the lawyer in charge of the case and assess the credibility and credibility of all parties.
  • Judges earnestly perform their duties as stipulated in the Judge Law. They try designated cases according to the division of labor.
  • In the trial work, the judges must be loyal to the law, loyal to the facts, and uphold integrity. When handling the case, they must choose to withdraw if they are related to themselves.
  • When serving as the presiding reviewer, he reviews the relevant materials of the dossier, makes transcripts
  • The judge collects investigation and analyzes evidence comprehensively and objectively.
  • When serving as the presiding judge of the collegiate panel, he organizes trial activities and the collegiate panel to conduct deliberations.
  • The judge guides the clerks’ work, cooperates, and does a good job in the trial work.

Professional skill

  • Be able to receive legal advice on administrative cases, actively publicize laws and regulations, and promote administrative organs to administer according to the law.
  • Trial administrative litigation cases under the jurisdiction of the court by the law.
  • Protect the lawful rights and interests of citizens, legal persons, and other organizations.
  • Also, safeguard and supervise administrative organs exercising powers by the law.
  • Familiar with legal provisions and able to apply legal provisions to facts.

Education and Licensure

A law degree is a necessity to become a judge in the United States. However, certain positions may be available, if one possesses a Bachelor’s degree. To become a judge, you must have studied law at the university, which takes seven years to complete; four years as an undergraduate and three years in law school. The course work includes contracts, constitutional law, legal writing, property law, and civil procedure. Most states in the US require a license to practice as a judge and be in good standing with the bar association.


People working in the legal system are an important part of society and will continue to be needed. However, governments may have a hard time filling judge positions. This could limit employment growth in these governmental agencies despite the need for more judges to settle disputes. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2021, the US will see an average of 2,200 openings for judges despite limited employment growth. With a 3% increase in the employment rate. This is due to workers transferring or retiring.


In the United States, the average annual salary of a judge is $141,080. However, the salary ranges from $40,270 to $208,000. (BLS, 2020). In addition, this greatly depends on the industry you work in as a judge, whether the local, state, or federal government.

Professional ethics

  • Cleanliness is the most important thing, no corruption or bribery, no malfeasance. He must be impartial in the face of two conflicts.
  • Self-suppression is too strong a sense of morality and justice. Fair judgments cannot break the rules of fairness and justice, because sympathy is biased towards either side.
  • Resist the pressure of favors and the intervention of higher-level leading cadres.
  • Pay attention to the environment and space when dealing with foreign countries, and be cautious in expressing speeches.
  • In the process of hearing cases, judges should avoid being improperly influenced by the news media and public opinion.
  • Take facts as the basis, take the law as the criterion, and be loyal to facts and the law.

Common Tools

  • Computer, used for daily office.
  • Law related books
  • Office software: Word, ppt, Excel spreadsheet.
  • Practical software: retouching tools, screenshots, etc.
  • The legal professional software is the internal software of the court and is not open to the outside world.

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