What is the job of a hematologist

job of a hematologist

Hematology is a branch of medicine that focuses on diseases and disorders of the blood, lymphatic system, and blood vessel walls. The job of a hematologist is to diagnose, manage and treat problems related to blood, such as anemia or hemophilia. Many hematologists also choose to specialize further and stick to a single sub-specialty. Some of these include:

  • pediatric hematology 
  • hematology-oncology, 
  • Cardiac hematology

Duties and responsibilities of a hematologist

Hematologists are medical professionals responsible for treating various blood ailments in a patient. Working as a hematologist, one is expected to carry out several duties and responsibilities. Some of these include:

  • Listening closely to patient complaints 
  • Conduct various tests and come up with a diagnosis
  • Going through the physician’s notes who referred the patient to a hematologist as well as adding your own observations to it.
  • Perform bone marrow aspirations to find out what’s wrong as well as detect any blood disorders
  • Document and analyze a patient’s medical history
  • Conduct physical examinations of the patient
  • Study a patient’s lab tests, MRIs, and CAT scans.
  • Analyze the blood work of a patient as well as look for any abnormalities in the red or white blood cells.
  • Perform surgeries (if and when required)
  • Treat blood-related diseases such as anemia, hemophilia, or leukemia
  • Look for any clotting in the blood and then treat blood clotting or other related disorders
  • Administer chemotherapy for the treatment of lymphoma or leukemia.
  • Communicate these plans with the patients as well as their families. This may include answering any queries or concerns.
  • Prescribe as well as administer relevant medications
  • Recommend dietary advice (if needed)
  • Order supportive care for patients (if required)
  • Work alongside patient’s GP, nurses, as well as other relevant medical staff.
  • Attend training, webinars as well as seminars to stay updated with the latest trends and developments.
  • Participate in various hematology research activities

Educational requirements for the job of a hematologist

To become a hematologist, one must undergo extensive learning and training. The educational requirements for the job of a hematologist include:

  • Complete a bachelor’s degree from an accredited college. During this time, aspiring hematologists must take human anatomy, microbiology, biology, and physiology coursework.
  • After completing a bachelor’s degree, you must sit for your MCAT (Medical College Admission Test) to gain acceptance in medical college.
  • Get a medical degree! While completing your medical degree, you must again focus on human anatomy, clinical applications, medical practices, and medical ethics.
  • Complete a two to six years long residency program in internal medicine, after which you gain certification from the American Board of Internal Medicine
  • Attend a fellowship program. This is usually a three-year program. Moreover, upon completing the program, you can obtain a license for a hematologist job.


Sub-specialties within hematology include: 

  • Hematology-oncology, 
  • Haemostasis and thrombosis
  • Hematological malignancy;
  • Pediatric hematology; 
  • Red cell and hemoglobinopathy disorders; 
  • Transfusion medicine
  • Cardiac hematology

Skills required for the job.

While education plays a vital role in the job of a hematologist, one must still possess certain skills to be a successful hematologist. Some of these skills include:

  • Great communication skills to communicate effectively both verbally and non-verbally with patients, medical staff, and colleagues
  • Patience: to be able to listen attentively to patient concerns as well as to answer all their concerns and queries.
  • The ability to handle stressful situations and work under pressure
  • Excellent organizational skills
  • Keen observational skills
  • Empathy and compassion, especially towards patients suffering from terminal disorders
  • Strong leadership and problem-solving skills.
  • The knack to be comfortable around blood
  • Manual dexterity
  • The willingness to learn new skills and techniques as well as apply this knowledge to patient care

What about salary?

Working as a hematologist in the US, one can expect an average annual pay of $333,022 with approximately $160 per hour. These figures may vary slightly depending upon your education, sub-specialty, experience, and well as your geographical location. Moreover, the average annual salary for the job of a hematologist ranges from $221,230 to $443,137 annually.

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