What is the job of a Civil Engineer?

Civil engineer


Firstly, civil engineers refer to engineering and technical personnel who engage in the design of buildings. They also organize and supervise the construction of general industrial and civil buildings and structures.


  • In the production department; They conduct on-site inspections of related things; organize the construction unit, invest resources, as well as realize the blueprint.
  • Take part in the preparation of the construction organization design of the project divisions.
  • Prepare the construction technology for the construction plan process standards of the key parts
  • Civil engineers solve technical difficulties and problems at the construction site.
  • Responsible for the bidding cooperation project of construction materials and providing necessary technical parameters
  • Responsible for collecting all kinds of information, looking for companies or projects with investment value
  • Coordinating the various construction departments, as well as the resources inside and outside the company.
  • They help smoothen the development of the project.
  • Communicate, collaborate, and cooperate with the personnel of the cooperation unit to complete the project.

Education and Licensure

Secondly, civil engineers in the United States require a bachelor’s degree from an ABET (Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology) accredited engineering program. The program spans five years with coursework that includes. These include mathematics, engineering mechanics, systems, fluid dynamics, and statistics. However, some universities offer a six-year program to gain a master’s degree. In addition, engineers may acquire a PhD, which is a requirement for development and research programs. Entry-level positions do not require a license. However, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 2021, state licensure requires:

  • A degree from an ABET-accredited engineering program
  • A passing score on the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam
  • Relevant work experience typically at least four (4) years
  • A passing score on the Professional Engineering (PE) exam.


What’s more, the average salary of a civil engineer in the United States is $88,570. However, it ranges between $56,160 and $144,810. (BLS, 2020). In addition, some civil engineers may work over 40 hours a week.

Knowledge Background

Industry knowledge background:

  • Familiar with various specifications and contract systems, especially with the ability to read and review drawings.
  • Sufficient understanding is required for knowledge within the red line, outside the red line, water, and electricity, HVAC, curtain wall, etc.
  • Able to read and review drawings accurately and quickly.
  • Have a more detailed understanding of on-site construction procedures,
  • Can apply various calculation methods, calculation software, as well as use pricing software to get the project cost.
  • Other knowledge mainly includes construction quotas and budgets, engineering economics, etc.
  • Understanding of each link of project construction requirements,
  • Understanding of the market economy,
  • knowledge of business management, as well as full implementation of company requirements.

Professional knowledge background:

  • related professional engineering construction technology,
  • structural mechanics,
  • material mechanics,
  • engineering equipment;

Common Tools used by Civil Engineering Staff

  • Office
  • Project (plan management software)
  • Software calculation tools (civil engineering, steel) such as Luban, Glodon, and Swell
  • Use AutoCAD series of CAD drawing software
  • The structural calculation software mainly adopts the PKPM series of structural calculation programs
Civil engineers at work


Furthermore, the main workplaces are offices and construction sites. Here is a specific description of the environment:

In the office, many engineers in a large suite form temporary project departments according to different requirements and professional classification. So, the main work in the office is to work through computers and other tools.

When each project is carried out, it is necessary to have an in-depth understanding of the actual situation on the spot. Generally, the environment of the construction site is complicated, and the environment is relatively poor.


In addition, professional ethics of civil engineering personnel includes;

  • There must be a bottom line and professional persistence;
  • Engineering quality is the minimum requirement;
  • Construction should be safe and civilized. Pay attention to migrants, workers, and take necessary safety measures;
  • Not only pay attention to yourself, but also have the idea of ​​filling positions, honestly, fairly, and wholeheartedly serve employers, clients, and the public;
  • Selflessness: the first condition for the establishment of a team; cleanliness: as the first bottom line of personality; unity with colleagues: create an excellent team atmosphere; willingness to contribute: the necessary and sufficient condition for harvesting fruits.


Professional skill:
You need to be proficient in professional software such as AutoCAD and be able to use it to draw pictures quickly. Including being familiar with and strictly implementing the regulations, norms, standards, atlases, etc.

General skills:
For general office software such as office and project, you must be able to use it proficiently.

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