What is the job of a Biomedical Engineer?

Biomedical Engineer


Simply put, the job of biomedical engineers is to use their biomedical engineering skills to improve medical standards and improve the quality of human life. Biomedical Engineering in the biological sciences and engineering design involves a plurality of biological, chemical, physical, mechanical, and electrical engineering and also materials science.

The aim is to use engineering techniques to solve issues related to medicine and therefore protect human health, disease prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation services. The research and application in biomedical engineering are broad, including medical imaging, prosthetic technology, implantable drug delivery system.


They are responsible for the production of the following;

  • Needless implanted in the body during surgeries.
  • Stents and sutures
  • Prostheses (For example, dentures, replacement of prostheses)
  • Surgical devices and systems (for example, laser surgery, robots)
  • Monitoring system (testing equipment for blood sugar, heart rate, etc.)
  • Treatment devices (insulin pump, kidney dialysis, electronic nerve stimulation, complex inhaler)
  • Artificial organs-valves, pacemakers
  • Imaging methods-ultrasound, X-ray, particle beam, MRI
  • A diagnostic system, such as a single chip in a laboratory
  • Physical therapy equipment, such as sports equipment and wearable technology equipment.
  • Personalized healthcare application (smartphone)

The goal is to develop systems and equipment to solve clinical problems in diagnosis and treatment. Biomedical engineering plays a significant role in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. And also in alleviation, rehabilitation, and compensation of disabilities and injuries.


You must obtain a bachelor’s degree in biomedical engineering. During this program in the United States, you will learn the principles of basic science and engineering in the first two years. The interdisciplinary nature and flexibility of the American education system will also allow you to switch engineering disciplines.

Familiarize with essential concepts and human anatomy and physiology over time, as well as cell biology, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, biomechanics and calculations and design, the terminology of biomedical engineers.

After that, you will learn and receive advanced core biomedical engineering training. And also study other modules in engineering and biomedical disciplines, such as engineering mathematics, mechanics, biomaterials, electronic engineering, engineering design, robotics, human anatomy, physiology, cardiovascular system, and neuroscience.

Practice will involve biomedical science, engineering design, product design, programming, computer simulation, and hospital (or clinic) visits. At the graduate level (Master or PhD), you can specialize in more professional areas of biomedical engineering.

Work Environment

The commonplace of work is a hospital, university, or a company that develops products in the health field. For example, our dental implants, dialysis machines, prostheses, MRI equipment, and corrective lenses are all created by biomedical engineers.

If we discuss the work of biomedical engineers in more detail, some of them will work in computer and information technology, analyzing and understanding complex biological techniques.

This is a very hard-core technology area. Therefore, graduates need to have an in-depth understanding of human biology (biological systems) and engineering.

Job Opportunities

Biomedical engineers are usually required;

  • In industries (healthcare, medical devices, biomedicine, and also pharmaceuticals),
  • Hospitals,
  • Research institutions (including CROs),
  • Academia,
  • Government agencies.

Biomedical engineers usually maintain contact and coordination with doctors, clinicians, biomedical scientists, and medical professionals. Biomedical engineers also use their expertise in engineering, life sciences, and medicine.


In the United States, as a new college graduate (or MS degree holder), you can expect to earn approximately US$60,000 per year. With five to ten years of experience, you can expect an annual salary of $96,000. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the average annual income of a biomedical engineer is $92,620. However, the salary ranges from $56,590 to 149,440. In addition, the salary differences depend on experience level and industry of work.

Top Ten Majors

  • Biological instruments
  • Biomechanics
  • Biomaterials
  • System physiology
  • Clinical engineering
  • Rehabilitation engineering
  • Medical imaging
  • Tissue-engineering
  • Neuro-engineering
  • Computational models


Medical care is necessary. With the increasing complexity of our lifestyles, environmental factors, and the aging of the population-people increasingly need advanced medical technology. In addition, with the gradual overlap of medicine and technology, this field will become more and more popular in the future.

As with all technologies, the development of biomedical engineering is linked to the creation of smaller medical devices. Nanotechnology is an evolving field, and they are also working on developing new devices to diagnose, treat, and repair the human body. Nanorobots the size of blood cells already exist, and we can expect to see significant progress in this regard.

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